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Does Sunscreen Make Your Skin Lighter?

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If you follow a skincare routine, then one step you cannot miss at any cost is sunscreen. Every skin specialist insists on using sunscreen on a daily basis due to its protective characteristics against the UV rays from the sun. 

Sunscreen acts as a barrier that reflects these rays and prevents them from penetrating the skin and causing damage. Ultraviolet rays are extremely bad for the skin as they’ve been proven to cause several negative effects, such as sunburn, hyperpigmentation, premature aging, dark spots, and, worst of all, skin cancer. This is why everyone must use sunscreen, either outdoors or indoors. 

Now, to address the all-time question, does sunscreen make your skin lighter? 

Contrary to widespread rumor, no, it does not make your skin lighter. Although, it does protect your skin from getting darker, which is mistaken by some as skin lightening. In the following post, let’s discuss this topic further.   

Sunscreen, Melanin, & Skin Lightening  

Your skin color is all because of melanin, which is a pigment produced by your skin cells. The production of melanin is mainly influenced by genetics, hormones, age, and external factors such as injury and sun exposure.

The more you stand in the sun, the more melanin your body produces. It is a part of our body’s natural defense mechanism against the damaging effects of UV rays: the one thing common between melanin and sunscreen. It is notable that melanin itself does not lighten the skin. Instead, its increased production leads to the development of a tan that prevents UV rays from penetrating deeper into the skin.  

Now, sunscreen serves a similar purpose with a different mechanism. It is crucial for individuals with low melanin content to apply sunscreen for protection against the sun. Overall, sunscreen shields the skin against sun damage, which also reduces melanin production. This prevents further skin damage rather than making it lighter.  

Sunscreen-Foundation

It’s not too late with sunscreen!  

Let’s accept the fact that if your skin is tanned, then the damage is already done. However, you can prevent further damage, and that is the whole point of using sunscreen. Skin lightening can be achieved with it if you compare the before and after results. Here is how sunscreen is your skin’s best friend: 

  • Sunscreen can shield your skin because it has UV filters that reflect or absorb UV radiation. As long as your sunscreen has a higher SPF (Sun Protection Factor), you are good to go out in the sun. Always look for sunscreen with SPF 40 or higher. You can choose a lighter formula if you are concerned about heaviness. 
  • Tanning or sunburn is harmful as well as painful to bear. You can prevent your skin from getting sunburnt with regular application of sunscreen. Just make sure you can minimize sun exposure. 
  • UV rays are big contributing agents of premature aging that are visible as fine lines, wrinkles, and sagging skin. It breaks down collagen and elastin (proteins) in the skin cells and disrupts the skin’s elasticity. Hence, with sunscreen, your skin is protected against premature aging. 
  • When looking for skin lightening, some are actually looking for a remedy against hyperpigmentation, one of the major skin issues that most people suffer from. Sunscreen can minimize and prevent hyperpigmentation caused by UV exposure. It inhibits melanin production and reduces the risk of tanning, dark spots, and uneven pigmentation. 
  • Skin cancer caused by prolonged exposure to Ultra Violet radiation is a proven fact. Studies show that unprotected UV exposure can also cause a significant amount of DNA damage. It can be avoided by using sunscreen, which provides a barrier against UV rays. 
  • People with photosensitive skin observe minimal skin reactions when going out in the sun with sunscreen on. Needless to say, sunscreen contributes to overall skin health.  

How about a skin-lightening sunscreen? 

By now, it is clear that sunscreen itself is not designed to lighten the skin. However, nobody said that it can not have skin-lightening effects over time! 

Look for a sunscreen with skin-lightening ingredients such as Niacinamide, Vitamin C, kojic acid, licorice extract, etc. Most of these have anti-inflammatory properties, and the elements are enough to regulate both sebum and melanin production. Let’s see how these ingredients can help you achieve it. 

Niacinamide 

This is one of the main ingredients in sunscreen that helps in reducing the production of cytokines. Niacinamide also stops the transfer of melanocytes to the skin cells, reducing the visibility of dark spots caused by prolonged exposure to sun rays. 

Vitamin C

Vitamin C inhibits the production of melanin and even helps in fading the dark spots on your skin. Moreover, it can downregulate the tyrosinase enzyme activity that is responsible for skin discoloration. 

Kojic acid

Like Vitamin C, Kojic acid also reduces hyperpigmentation and combats skin discoloration. Elements like Alpha Arbutin can give your skin a brightening effect.  

Licorice extract

Licorice extract has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that can shield your skin from free radicals. However, it is mostly recommended for acne-prone and oily skin. 

Make sure your skin is not allergic to any of these. A common way to check is by doing a patch test first. Apply a small amount of your product on your skin and check whether it causes any allergic reactions. If your skin can absorb the sunscreen without any irritation or rashes, you are good to go.  

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Parting Comments 

Sunscreen does not lighten your skin, but special sunscreens with skin-lightening ingredients can make a difference. A common notion that is debunked here about sunscreen making your skin lighter is not entirely a myth. Protecting your skin with a ‘skin-lightening sunscreen’ does benefit you in the long run. 

Instead of skin lightening, your main concern should be inclined toward overall skin healthcare. A sunscreen with high SPF content can help you achieve this. It is to be noted that sunscreen is so much more than merely a cosmetic product. With the high danger associated with UV rays, wearing sunscreen should not be avoided at any cost. 

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